You could enumerate the combinations. Say you want a match, then use the following condition:
(ta.a = 0 and tb.b = 'C') or (ta.a = 1 and tb.b = 'D')
Alternatively, use a
ta.a = case tb.b when 'C' then 0 when 'D' then 1 end
CLICK HERE to find out more related problems solutions.